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Bedford QL

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В начале войны, Bedford получил контракт от British War Office на производство 3 тонных 4 x 4 грузовиков общего назначения. Пилотная модель была готова в феврале 1940 а производство началось в марте 1941

Более 50.000 грузовиков было произведено на фабрике Vauxhall´s Luton с 1940 по 1945.

 

Length: 5.99 m (236 inches).
Width: 2.26 m (89 inches).
Height: 2.54 m (120 inches).
Weight: 7.000 kg (15.400 lb.).
Engine: 6-cylinder Bedford, 3.519 cm3 (214 cubic inches) displacement, liquid cooled.
Horsepower: 72 at 3.000 rpm.
Transmission: 4-speed gearbox.
Transfer case: 2 speed.
Electrical system: 12 volt, negative ground.
Brakes: Hydraulic with vacuum servo assistance.
Tyres: 10.50 - 20 (11.00 - 20).
Fording depth:
without preparation: 0.4 m (15 inches).
with deep water fording kit: N/A.
Fuel type: Petrol.
Fuel capacity: 127 liter (28 gallons).
Range: 250 km (156 miles)
Crew: 1+ 11.
Additional: N/A.

Variants

 

QL1 - Prototype.

QLB – Bofors gun tractor.

QLC - Fire engine.

QLC – Signals vehicle.

QLC - Petrol tanker.

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QLD - General service cargo truck and was the most numerous version in the series.

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QLD - Machinery.

QLD - Kitchen.

QLD - Battery storage.

 

QLR – Signals vehicle.

A substantial percentage of the Bedford QL chassis was fitted with house-type bodywork (shown) for signals, command, office and other roles.
Originally mounted on the QLC chassis/cab, special QLR chassis were soon put into production, which differed from the standard type in having special electrical equipment, radio suppression, fitment of a 660 W auxiliary generator driven by the transfer case power-take-off and, like the QLT, two 16 gallon petrol tanks instead of one behind the cab.
The interior furniture, partitioning and radio equipment varied from the different functions. On vehicles installed for the wireless role, a tent could be erected at the rear. Between cab and man body were lockers for aerial masts and other equipment. Beneath the body were further lockers and racks for cable drums, batteries, tyre chains, 20 gallon drinking water tank, rectifier box, tools, fuel tank for the auxiliary engine, jerrycans and other items.
The basic body shells were produced by Duple, Lagonda, Mulliner, Tickford and others.
A revised body was introduced in during 1944 for the Command High and Low Power and Wireless High Power roles. This body had an improved "L"-shaped tent which could be erected alongside the left-hand side and rear of the body.

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QLT – Troop carrier.

A number of the Bedford QL were the QLT Troop carrier, popularly known as "Trooper" or even "Drooper". Vauxhall Motors supplied the chassis, modified in having two 16-gallon fuel tanks, one in either side of the chassis instead of the normal 28-gallon single tank behind the cab, and an extended exhaust system.
The chassis went to Austin Motor Co in Longbridge, Birmingham for further modifications before mounting the body. These modifications included extension of the chassis frame at the rear, and mounting of the spare wheel below this extension.
The main body offered accommodation for 29 soldiers including their gear. There was an anti-aircraft hatch at the forward end of the body with a machine gun mount. For conversion to the load-carrying role the side seats could be folded back flat and the centre bench assembly could be collapsed and stored under the body floor. There were two side doors, one of either side and two large doors at the rear. The load had to be carried as long forward as possible to avoid steering problems.
From August 1941 and until the end of WW II more than 3.300 QLT´s were produced.

The vehicle appears to have been modified with a house-type window over the rear axle and a sort of basket over the cab. The modifications indicates the use as improvised shop van or similar.

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QLW - Air portable tipper.

 

 

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